To start, you need a clean glass jar or pickling crock. I prefer a Mason jar for everything except sauerkraut.
Next make your brine, use 2 Tablespoons of salt to 1 quart of water (4 cups). Stir salt into water until it’s dissolved. It’s recommended to use bottled spring or filtered water or tap water that’s has a filter, but I’ve had success with our well water, though hard water isn’t desired.
Pack your vegetables into the clean container leaving a 2 inch head space (space between top of jar and the top of the food). Just like any pickle making, the freshness and quality of ingredients going in determines the end product. As fresh as possible is best.
Fill the jar with the brine a 1 inch head space. Place a weight into the jar to keep the food beneath the brine surface. This is very important, if it rises above, it may mold. I prefer the ferment cups below, but a small washed glass baby food jar will work as well.
Place a lid on the jar, preferably a fermenting lid below, the goal is to keep the oxygen out and make it air tight. Now, how long to ferment pickles.
Put the jar in warm area (70 degrees Farenheit is ideal but down to 65 degrees Farenheit is also fine) out of direct sunlight and not next to any appliances. Ferment for 4 days.
After a day or two you’ll notice the presence of bubbles and the water will turn cloudy. These are joyous signs!
Check the taste of your pickles after a few days. If they’re not “tangy” enough, let them continue to ferment. It sometimes takes up to 10 days if the room is cold.
When they’re done fermenting, they must be moved to the fridge or a similar cold area. Take off the fermenting lid and replace with a two piece metal canning lid and band. They will keep for months in the fridge, but they’re not shelf stable for the pantry.